By Francis Harvey PhD
This pragmatic booklet introduces key ideas and abilities to arrange scholars to appreciate and use geographic info structures (GIS). The textual content completely explains what geographic info is, the way it is represented and analyzed, and what it communicates approximately human and environmental actions and occasions that ensue on our planet. simple rules of map making and map analyzing are built-in with discussions of suitable info applied sciences and functions. Written in an obtainable variety, the textual content is equipped into 4 elements that may be utilized in any series in entry-level and extra really expert GIS classes. straight forward beneficial properties contain useful examples and routines, attractive vignettes, and beneficial web assets.
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Extra resources for A Primer of GIS: Fundamental Geographic and Cartographic Concepts
We can talk to people all over the world, they may point out, but others ask, For what good? This is not the place to engage these discussions, but before getting into more specifics about representation, it’s good to have some notion of how the term representation is used. All these forms of artistic, computer, geographic, and cartographic representation are important to how we make sense of the world around us, but our vocabulary is a bit weak for distinguishing between them. To help with this problem, this book always proceeds “representation” with an adjective to distinguish what kind of representation is meant—for example, geographic representation.
What do you do now? Where is the airport? What’s the road to the city A directional map can be useful for finding some directions, but its geographic representation will fall short in supporting other uses, such as finding the way from the airport to a hotel. gif Goals of Cartography and GI / 23 called? The framework for such maps is suited for people who know the city and speak some local language and who are looking to find their way around, not for visiting businesspeople or tourists. In this example, not at all uncommon, you can summarize that the conventions for the local maps support the general orientation of people who are familiar with the conventions of these maps and the culture, not the specific conventions and definitely not the purpose of a visitor from another country.
Remember to focus on making the map accurate only in 32 / COMMUNICATION AND GEOGRAPHIC UNDERSTANDING terms of what is important to you—the places you live, eat, work, walk, recreate, and so on. Leave off things that are not important. Include the following elements and symbols: Landmarks: prominent points of interest Pathways: paths, streets, etc. Districts: downtown, dorms, etc. Nodes: meeting places, centers where pathways cross Barriers: Obstructions Don’t forget to put your name and date on the map when you are finished.