By U.S. Army Center of Military History
American Armies and Battlefields in Europe, a facsimile variation to commemorate the seventy-fifth birthday of the yank Expeditionary Forces, is a distinct quantity that captures the AEF's classes of conflict in the course of international struggle I. in accordance with the sequence of battlefield excursions carried out for employees officials at basic John J. Pershing's headquarters, the operational chapters describe the army scenario, giving distinctive bills of exact scuffling with supported by way of maps and sketches, and a precis of occasions and repair of strive against divisions. Topical chapters at the companies of provide, the U.S. army, army cemeteries and memorials, and different attention-grabbing and helpful evidence finish the narrative. For students and scholars of the nice conflict, in addition to veterans and their descendants wishing to discover conflict websites of some time past, this guidebook is still the main authoritative and simply usable resource for viewers to the AEF's battlefields. the yank conflict Monuments fee, a small self reliant employer tested by means of Congress in 1923 on the request of common John J. Pershing, is the father or mother of America's in another country commemorative cemeteries and memorials. Its challenge is to honor the carrier, achievements, and sacrifice of the USA defense force.
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Extra resources for American Armies and Battlefields in Europe
The assaulting troops had suffered tremendous losses and none of the important results expected had been obtained. Regardless of their terrif ic defeat, the German leaders were still determined to maintain the offensive, realizing that the American forces were rapidly increasing and that victory must be won quickly or not at all. The troops recently repulsed were directed to prepare to resume the a t t a c k a s q u i c k ly a s p r a c t i c a bl e , a n d plans for another offensive against the British Army were pushed.
The 3d Division, in line along the Marne River from opposite Jaulgonne to (35) Phosphorus Bomb Exploding Château-Thierry, was subjected to intense artillery f ire and repeated assaults in the easter n par t of its sector. The French unit on its right was compelled to give w ay, wh i c h m a d e t h e t a s k o f t h e 3 d Division extremely diff icult. However, the Germans who succeeded in crossing the Mar ne on its front were counterattacked and driven back and by noon of the 16th, no enemy troops remained south o f t h e M a n e i n t h e d i v i s i o n s e c t o r, except on its extreme right flank where the front line was bent back to connect with the adjoining French division.
The concentration of troops was carried out with the utmost secrecy, the 1st and 2d Divisions going into line only at the last minute. Some units of the 2d D iv i s i o n m a r c h e d a l l n i g h t a n d t h e n double-timed over muddy roads in the dark in order to jump off with the barrage. The assault was launched in the early morning of July 18 and took the German troops by surprise. The units of the 1st and 2d Divisions, with those of the 1st Moroccan Division between them, advanced with characteristic dash and vigor.