Artisanal Fishers on the Kenyan Coast (Afrika-Studiecentrum by Wangila, Degen Hoorweg

By Wangila, Degen Hoorweg

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Additional resources for Artisanal Fishers on the Kenyan Coast (Afrika-Studiecentrum Series)

Sample text

Currently there are seven vessels active which are all Kenyan registered. The trawling season is open from March 1 to October 31 and the average annual catch totals 237 metric tons (Kochey 2008). 1 million (Kenya 2007a). The third zone exists between 12 and 200 nautical miles offshore and is the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Commercial fisheries are permitted here but fishers are actually instructed to respect a 15 nautical mile zone. The potential yield of the EEZ has been estimated to be as high as 150,000 tons (Hemphill 2008; Mageria, Makogola & Ndegwa 2008).

In Malindi the diminished role had to do with the presence of a co-operative, which provided financial support to the fishers through a loan system. For Mida, it was probably due to the modest catches there. In Ngomeni, Kilifi and Takaungu the tajiri played a more important role, particularly in Ngomeni where in 20% of the cases he supplied the gear. This probably was because of the larger vessels and heavier gear used in fishing at this part of the coast, which were more costly. One-third of the fishers always landed their catch at the same site.

The relations between the local fishers and Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) were tense. Fishers claimed that they were sometimes arrested on their way to the Reserve and then accused of fishing in prohibited waters. 1, p. 94). Finally, the number of fishers who were members of a co-operative was quite low, only 20%. The percentage was higher in Malindi and Takaungu, although even here no more than half the fishers were organized. Of the ones who were, three-quarters complained about lack of benefits from their membership and only a quarter (less than 10% of all fishers) mentioned loans for purchase of gear and improvement of marketing facilities as benefits from the co-operatives.

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